This site I created with the help of people who had already experience in making websites.
Kees Schotten provided some valuable tips for lay out and web sites that provide tools for making websites.
Henk Mengerink website were used to make the photo
session and popups. The basic
principle of the menus used at the start
pages comes from Thomas Brattli.
The video player software comes from
A first design and set up of an interactive
test book for this Zarma language course is
made by my son Menno Fraters. He intents to
developed this to get different and
attractive forms of exercises.
Most of the photo's
published on this site were taken by my wife Marianne Dortants and myself in the 1983-1986 period, when we worked in Niger. Some were taken by my mother, To Schoor, when she and my father visited us in 1985.
Sound recordings of a native Zarma speaker in
Lesson 11 are provided by
(Channel 2 Today). The video of the 30th
final of the national traditional wrestling
games comes from
and was broadcasted on 10 March 2009.
As far as pictures of animations are used made
be others a reference is given and link to the
original website is provided. Pictures without
references are derived from three CD-ROMs sold
by Bart Smit. If one of your pictures is used
and you want it to be removed from this website,
let me know.
The loose-leaf volume "Practical method for the study of the Zarma language", a very extensive work presented by Evangelical Baptist Mission of Niamey from 1970, forms the base of this course.
to the above mentioned work a loose-leaf volume of a "French - Zarma" course provided valuable information; no author or year or publisher is given in the student volume, there is reference to a teacher volume and a "special lessons volume", but I do not posses these.
An overview of literature used to improve
the Zarma course is given below. However,
first, I would like to thank
Sandra Bornand for providing one of her
books and some of her scientific articles
Alhaji Somaco Pastor for his willingness
to correspond in Zarma, checking texts, and providing some of the material I
have published on
Literature older than 1995
Ducroz, Jean-Marie, and
Charles, Marie-Claire (1982) L'homme Songhay tel
qu'il se dit chez les Kaado du Niger.
Jean-Marie, and Charles, Marie-Claire
(1978) Lexique Soney (Songhay) Français.
Parler Kaado du Gouroul. L'Harmatan,
Olivier de Sardan,
Jean-Pierre (1984) Les
sociétés Songhay-Zarma (Niger - Mali).
Chefs, guerriers, esclaves, paysans...
Éditions Karthala, Paris, France.
Surugue, Bernard (1972) Contribution a
l'étude de la musique sacrée Zarma-Songhay
(République du Niger). Études Nigériennes
no. 30. Centre Nigérien de Recherches en
Sciences Humaines, Niamey, Niger.
Tersis, Nicole (1982) Le Zarma (République du
Niger); Étude du parler Djerma de Dosso.
Publié avec le concours du Centre National
de la Recherche Scientifique. SELAF, Paris,
- Tersis, Nicole (1981)
Économie d'un système. Unités et
relations syntaxiques en Zarma (Niger).
Publié avec le concours du Centre
National de la Recherche Scientifique et
de l'Agence de Coopération Culturelle et
Technique. SELAF, Paris,
Literature from 1995 and later
Sandra (2006) Parlons Zarma. Une Langue
du Niger. A book about Zarma language and culture.
Sandra (2005) Le discours du griot
généalogiste chez les Zarma du Niger. A study about storytellers in the
Byron, Harrison, Annette, Rueck, Micheal J.
(1997) Southern Songhay Speech
Varieties In Niger. A Sociolinguistic Survey
of the Zarma, Songhay, Kurtey, Wogo, and
Dendi Peoples of Niger. SIL International. A
study on southern Songhay speech varieties
in Niger (download pdf).
dictionaries ragarding different Songhay
dialects published in the
series 'Langues d'Afrique' by l'Harmattan:
Heath, J. (1998a) Dictionnaire Songay -
Anglais - Français. Tome I Koyra chiini
Heath, J. (1998b) Dictionnaire Songay -
Anglais - Français. Tome II Djenné chiini
Heath, J. (1998c) Dictionnaire Songay -
Anglais - Français. Tome III Koroboro senni
- Parker, Philip M. (editor; 2008)
Webster's Zarma - English thesaurus
dictionary. Publish by ICON Group
Michael J., and Christiansen, Niels (2001)
Northern Songhay Languages in Mali and
Niger. A Sociolinguistic Survey. SIL
International. A study on northern Songhay
languages in Mali and Niger
SIL Niger publications
(2001-2003). Series of booklets in Zarma
language for educational purposes, with
French translation of texts.
21 mei 2012